is a long strip of land that stretches over 5,000 km
(3,200 mi) along the Pacific Ocean on the southwestern
coast of South America. On the east, the impossing wall
of the Cordillera de los Andes containing more than
50 active volcanoes forms a natural border with Peru,
Bolivia and Argentina. This condition makes Chile one
of the best places in the world for skiing, snowboarding,
climbing and many mountain activities. Its widest point
never exceeds 250 km (170 mi). All along its length
Chile is marked by a narrow depression between the Andes
Cordillera and the Pacific Ocean, the Central Valley.
Given its great extension, one of Chile’s main
attractions is its attonishing variety of landscapes.
To the north the land is arid and desertic, to the south
an opposite transformation takes place and the land
starts to fall away. The area between the Andes and
the Pacific fades into thousand of islands, channels,
glaciers: the Chilean Patagonia. In the center of the
country is a long and expansive valley occupied by vineyards
and farms and in the south by forests and enchanting
lakes. Santiago, the capital, concentrates the more
industrialised and prosperous sections of the Central
The enigmatic Easter Island and the Juan Fernandez
Islands are also part of Chile. Both possessions are
administered as National Parks. The Juan Fernandez Islands
are located about 670 km off the Chilean coast, while
Easter Island is situated 3700 km distant.
The climate is as diverse as the country’s geography.
Considering the arid and dry conditions of the Atacama
Desert in the north to the extreme weather of the high
Andes, Chile enjoys a comfortable temperate climate
with four well defined seasons.
Population : 15,2 million
Language : Spanish
Time : GMT - 4